FTCE Prekindergarten – Primary PK-3 Exam

The FTCE Prekindergarten – Primary PK-3 subject examination consists of 220 multiple-choice questions with a time limit of 4 hours and 30 minutes. Question formats will include direct question, command, sentence completion, and scenario. Each question will contain four response options, which will be answered by bubbling in choice A, B, C, or D.

The test encompasses 22 core competencies, each with between 2 and 11 skill areas. Competencies are defined as areas of content knowledge, with skills being the behaviors that demonstrate those competencies. Each competency is also assigned a percentage representing the approximate proportion of test items in that content area on the test. Together, the competencies and skills are representative of knowledge that has been determined by content specialists to be important for beginning teachers.


Test-takers will need to demonstrate knowledge of child growth, child development, and relationships with families and the community; the profession and foundations of early childhood (PreK–3) education; developmentally appropriate practices; developmentally appropriate curricula; developmentally appropriate intervention strategies and resources available to meet the needs of all students; diagnosis, assessment, and evaluation; child guidance and classroom behavioral management; literacy and literacy instruction; fiction and nonfiction genres including reading informational texts (e.g., literary nonfiction, historical, scientific, and technical texts); reading foundational skills; language elements used for effective oral and written communication; assessments to inform literacy instruction; effective mathematics instruction; algebraic thinking; number concepts and operations in base ten; measurement and data collection and analysis; geometric and spatial concepts; effective science instruction; the nature of science; earth and space sciences; physical sciences; and life sciences.

FTCE Prekindergarten – Primary PK-3 Exam Practice Questions

1. Running, walking on tiptoes, and jumping are examples of ______________.
A. fine motor skills
B. gross motor skills
C. social skills
D. toddler skills

2. Being unusually passive or aloof, rarely making use of fantasy or imitation in play, and being unable to build a tower of six to eight blocks are signs of a possible ________________.
A. language disorder
B. mental retardation alert
C. developmental delay
D. emotional withdrawal syndrome

3. The theory that proposes four distinct stages of mental representation that children pass through before they achieve an adult stage of intelligence is:
A. Weiner’s Attribution Theory in Action
B. Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory
C. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory
D. Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

4. The world’s largest organization working on behalf of young children, encompassing numerous position statements on topics such as anti-discrimination, early learning standards, and developmentally appropriate practices, is the:
A. International Reading Association
B. Southern Early Childhood Association
C. National Association for the Education of Young Children
D. Association for Childhood Education International

5. An understanding that written words are composed of patterns of letters representing the sounds of spoken words is:
A. graphonemic knowledge
B. phonemic awareness
C. block and print awareness
D. comprehension awareness


Answer Key

1. B
2. D
3. C
4. C
5. A