FTCE Middle Grades General Science 5-9 Exam

The FTCE Middle Grades General Science 5-9 subject examination consists of 120 multiple-choice questions with a time limit of 2 hours and 30 minutes. Question formats will include direct questions, sentence completion, graphics, command, and scenario. Test-takers will receive a test booklet and a separate answer sheet. Each question will contain four response options, which will be answered by bubbling in choice A, B, C, or D.

The test encompasses 9 core competencies, each with between 6 and 19 skill areas. Competencies are defined as areas of content knowledge, with skills being the behaviors that demonstrate those competencies. Each competency is also assigned a percentage representing the approximate proportion of test items in that content area on the test. Together, the competencies and skills are representative of knowledge that has been determined by content specialists to be important for beginning teachers.


Test-takers will need to demonstrate conceptual and quantitative knowledge of the structure and behavior of matter; conceptual and quantitative knowledge of forces and motion; conceptual and quantitative knowledge of energy and its effects; knowledge of Earth and the processes that affect it; knowledge of space science; knowledge of processes of life; knowledge of the effects of physical and biological factors on the environment; knowledge of the science learning environment; and knowledge of process skills and application of scientific inquiry.

FTCE Middle Grades General Science 5-9 Exam Practice Questions

1. __________ is a theory of matter that states that all matter consists of atoms.
A. Thermodynamics
B. Atomic theory
C. Kinetic theory
D. Scientific theory

2. The statement “To every action there is an equal and opposite reaction” is associated with which scientific law?
A. Kopp’s law
B. Bernoulli’s principle
C. Newton’s laws of motion
D. Hohenberg-Kohn theorem

3. The second of the Earth’s major geologic eras and the interval during which the continental landmasses as known today were separated from the supercontinents is called the:
A. Mesozoic era
B. Paleozoic era
C. Precambrian era
D. Cenozoic era

4. The continuous movement of water above, on, or below the surface of the Earth is the:
A. nitrogen cycle
B. oxygen cycle
C. hydrogen cycle
D. hydrologic cycle

5. A disk-shaped region containing thousands of icy bodies within the outer solar system lying beyond the orbit of Neptune is known as:
A. Oort cloud
B. Solar nebula
C. the Kuiper belt
D. the asteroid belt


Answer Key

1. B. The atomic theory is the physical theory of the structure, properties, and behavior of the atom.
2. C. This is the third law of three physical laws directly relating to forces acting on a body to the motion of the body.
3. A. “Meso” is Greek for “middle life” and is a major division of geologic time from 65 million to 225 million years ago.
4. D. The water cycle consists of four distinct stages: storage, evaporation, precipitation, and runoff. “Hydro” means water, eliminating choices A and B.
5. C. Gerard Peter Kuiper proposed the existence of this large, flattened distribution of objects in 1951 in connection with his theory of the origin of the solar system.