FTCE Guidance and Counseling PK-12 Exam

The Guidance and Counseling PK-12 subject examination consists of 120 multiple-choice questions. Question formats will include direct question, sentence completion, and scenario. Each question will contain four response options, which will be answered by bubbling in choice A, B, C, or D.

The test encompasses 10 core competencies, each with between 3 and 9 skill areas. Competencies are defined as areas of content knowledge, with skills being the behaviors that demonstrate those competencies. Each competency is also assigned a percentage representing the approximate proportion of test items in that content area on the test. Together, the competencies and skills are representative of knowledge that has been determined by content specialists to be important for beginning teachers.

Test-takers will need to demonstrate knowledge of counseling; activities and programs for addressing current concerns; student assessment; career development and postsecondary opportunities; consultation, collaboration, and coordination; professional, ethical, and legal considerations; academic advisement; research, program evaluation, and follow-up; appropriate technology; and social and cultural diversity.

FTCE Guidance and Counseling PK-12 Exam Practice Questions

1. Which theorist believed religion to be “the universal obsessional neurosis of humanity”?
A. Alfred Adler
B. Albert Ellis
C. Sigmund Freud
D. Carl Jung

2. Which “self” theorist is considered the father of “client-centered therapy”?
A. James Dobson
B. Carl Rogers
C. Rollo May
D. William Glasser

3. Being in the present (here and now) and the empty-chair technique are related to which therapy?
A. Gestalt therapy
B. Cognitive-behavioral approach
C. Mind-body psychotherapy
D. The medical model

4. The key advantage of using group counseling over individual counseling is:
A. confidentiality
B. peer exploration of issues
C. social interaction
D. less fear of speaking about emotions

5. Middle school career exploration discussions should focus on:
A. criteria for specific employment skills and educational levels
B. market demand for key positions and related salary levels
C. overview and exploration of career clusters
D. determination of individual student career goals and lifestyle expectations

Answer Key

1. C. Sigmund Freud, who is considered the founder of psychoanalysis.
2. B. Carl Rogers believes that the role of the counselor is to be non-directive.
3. A. Gestalt therapy was founded by Fritz and Laura Perls in the 1940s.
4. B. Group counseling often encourages students to feel freer to speak openly and offers the advantage of both counselor and peer feedback.
5. C. Middle school students are only beginning to determine their interests, career strengths, and overall view of career options.