FTCE English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) K-12 Exam

The English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) K-12 subject examination consists of 120 multiple-choice questions. Question formats will include direct question, command, sentence completion, and scenario. Each question will contain four response options, which will be answered by bubbling in choice A, B, C, or D.

The test encompasses 11 core competencies, each with between 3 and 11 skill areas. Competencies are defined as areas of content knowledge, with skills being the behaviors that demonstrate those competencies. Each competency is also assigned a percentage representing the approximate proportion of test items in that content area on the test. Together, the competencies and skills are representative of knowledge that has been determined by content specialists to be important for beginning teachers.

Test-takers will need to demonstrate knowledge of culture as a factor in English language learners’ (ELLs’) learning; knowledge of language as a system; knowledge of language acquisition and development; knowledge of second language literacy development; knowledge of ESL/ESOL research, history, public policy, and current practices; knowledge of standards-based ESOL and content instruction; knowledge of resources and technologies; knowledge of planning standards-based instruction of ELLs; knowledge of assessment issues for ELLs; knowledge of language proficiency assessment; and knowledge of classroom-based assessment for ELLs.

FTCE English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) K-12 Exam Practice Questions

1. An overuse of words or ambiguous words to express an idea is:
A. overgeneralization
B. circumlocution
C. rhetoric
D. aphasia

2. The process by which a person learns and adapts to the culture in which he lives is called:
A. transculturization
B. socialization
C. enculturization
D. acculturization

3. The first American bilingual education program occurred in which state in the 1960s?
A. Texas
B. California
C. Arizona
D. New Mexico

4. In which 1974 landmark case did the Supreme Court hold that the San Francisco public schools violated minority language students’ rights when they educated students in the same classes as other students without special provisions?
A. San Francisco v. ELL rights
B. Safford Unified School District v. Redding
C. Horne v. Flores
D. Lau v. Nichols

5. Which state has the highest number of ELLs in the nation?
A. California
B. Texas
C. Arizona
D. Florida


Answer Key

1. B
2. C
3. C
4. D
5. A