FTCE Earth-Space Science 6-12 Exam

The Earth-Space Science 6-12 subject examination consists of about 120 multiple-choice questions. Question formats will include direct questions, sentence completion, command, graphics, and scenario. Each question will contain four response options, which will be answered by bubbling in choice A, B, C, or D.

The test encompasses 12 core competencies, each with between 4 and 12 skill areas. Competencies are defined as areas of content knowledge, with skills being the behaviors that demonstrate those competencies. Each competency is also assigned a percentage representing the approximate proportion of test items in that content area on the test. Together, the competencies and skills are representative of knowledge that has been determined by content specialists to be important for beginning teachers.

Test-takers will need to demonstrate knowledge of the nature of science; composition, characteristics, and structure of the Earth; plate tectonics and related processes; Earth’s surface processes; mapping and remote sensing; the scope and measurement of geologic time; the characteristics and management of Earth’s resources; oceans and coastal processes; factors that influence atmospheric conditions and weather; Earth’s climate patterns; astronomical objects and processes; and space exploration

FTCE Earth-Space Science 6-12 Exam Practice Questions

1. What option shows the correct combination of both the first layer of the Earth’s atmosphere in which weather occurs and the upper limit of our atmosphere?
A. stratosphere and mesosphere
B. troposphere and thermosphere
C. troposphere and exosphere
D. ionosphere mesosphere

2. 90 percent of the Earth’s atmosphere is found in the region called the _________________.
A. mesosphere
B. stratosphere
C. troposphere
D. ozonosphere

3. Which choice is NOT considered renewable energy?
A. geothermal
B. solar
C. biomass
D. natural gas

4. The bending of ocean waves due to varying water depths underneath, caused by the part of a wave in shallow water moving more slowly than the part of a wave in deeper water, is called _______________.
A. refraction
B. diffraction
C. shoaling
D. cresting

5. Once air movement is set in motion, it undergoes an apparent deflection from its path called _________________, which is the result of the Earth’s rotation.
A. the hydrologic cycle
B. the Coriolis effect
C. a midlatitude cyclone
D. hydrodynamics


Answer Key

1. C. The atmosphere comprises five layers: troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and exosphere. The ionosphere is considered an extension of the thermosphere.
2. B. Ozone is found mostly in the stratosphere region, which is 10 to 30 miles above the Earth’s surface.
3. D. Natural gas is a fossil fuel created from a process over millions of years involving pressure and heat from organic material. It is not an energy source that can be replenished in a short amount of time.
4. A. Waves travel more slowly in shallower water, so the wavelength decreases and the wave bends at the boundary, which is called refraction.
5. B. As air moves from high to low pressure in the northern hemisphere, it is deflected to the right by the Coriolis Effect. In the southern hemisphere, air moving from high to low pressure is deflected to the left by the Coriolis Effect.